Self-owned property could be transferred through reward deed

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I need to reward my daughter and son-in-law a flat on their wedding ceremony, which is presently owned by me and my spouse. What would be the authorized formalities for the switch of possession?

—Rajeev Sehgal

You and your spouse might reward your curiosity within the flat to your daughter and son-in-law by collectively executing a present deed in favour of your daughter and your son-in legislation and conveying your total curiosity within the flat of their favour. On the time of conveying your proper and curiosity in your flat to your son and daughter-in legislation, you would wish to resolve whether or not you prefer to your daughter and son-in–legislation to be ‘joint tenants’ or ‘tenants in widespread’ of the flat.

A joint tenancy exists the place a single property in property is owned by two or extra individuals beneath one instrument or by an act of the events. Joint tenants maintain a single unified curiosity in your complete property, i.e., they every have undivided curiosity within the property. Within the case of tenants in widespread, every of the tenants in widespread has a definite share and curiosity within the property. One of many variations between joint tenancy and tenants in widespread is that in case of the latter, upon the loss of life of one of many tenants, his or her curiosity within the property will devolve in accordance with the legal guidelines of succession and never by survivorship. Thus, the authorized inheritor of the deceased tenant in widespread will assume all the advantages and liabilities hooked up to such curiosity.

Usually, except the title doc of a property expressly states that the homeowners of a specific property shall maintain the identical as ‘joint tenants’, it’s presumed beneath legislation that the homeowners of the stated property are ‘tenants in widespread’. Accordingly, should you intend to switch the property within the joint names of your daughter and son-in legislation, it’s advisable that you just specify within the doc whether or not they may maintain it as joint tenants or as tenants in widespread.

The reward should be effected within the method set out in sections 122 and 123 of the Switch of Property Act, 1882. In line with the the Act, a present of immovable property should be effected by a registered instrument signed by or on behalf of you and your spouse, and attested by at the least two witnesses. The reward must be accepted by your daughter and son-in-law (as recipients of the reward) throughout your lifetime.

Stamp obligation must be paid on the reward deed previous to its execution, as per the related legal guidelines of the state the place the property is located and the place the reward deed is executed. In some states, the stamp obligation is decrease within the case of reward to a detailed relative.

Additional, the reward deed would have to be registered inside a interval of 4 months from the date of execution as per the relevant provisions of the Registration Act, 1908, with the relevant sub-registrar of assurances and relevant registration expenses would even be require to be paid on the time of registering the reward deed, relying upon the state by which the immovable property is located and the deed of reward is executed.

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