Within the Title of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
All reward is because of Allah the Lord of all creation. Might Allah grant His reward, manifest his advantage and elevate the standing of the noblest of the Prophets and the Seal of the Messengers, our beloved Prophet Muhammad and defend him, the message of Islam, his household and all his companions from any hurt on this life or the subsequent. As for what follows:
Expensive brothers and sisters! Once we go searching our globalised world at present, we observe a lot dialogue on numerous ideologies and rules of life being championed and criticised. Regardless of the advantages which a few of these ideologies might present, there are points inside them which drive people to go towards their innate nature. This finally produces long run harms, which embody the destruction of households, societies and nations. Such ideologies embody individualism and capitalism. Upon analysing the previous, we discover a examine which reveals that the U.S., Australia, U.Okay., Netherlands and New Zealand are essentially the most individualistic international locations. With that in thoughts, we realise that though there are points of individualism which might be helpful, this mind-set normally steers us in the direction of selfishness, greed, and the ‘me, myself, I, and my household’ mentality which is clear in such international locations. This has result in ethical decline, brief sightedness and the devaluation of household values. All of those elements result in loneliness, the break up of household properties, melancholy and finally suicide. To grasp this additional, the causes and results in affiliation with this phenomenon have been highlighted by the sociologist, Emile Durkheim, who’s extensively considered the founding father of the French college of sociology. He concluded in his textual content, Suicide: a Examine in Sociology: “…the extra socially built-in and related an individual is, the much less doubtless she or he is to commit suicide. As social integration decreases, individuals are extra more likely to commit suicide.”
This displays the truth that the extra individualistic an individual is, the extra doubtless he’s to really feel suicidal, entertain suicidal ideas, or truly commit suicide. As a matter of reality: Durkheim discovered, by means of a examine of suicide charges of Protestants and Catholics in nineteenth-century Europe, that the suicide charge was increased amongst Protestants. Understanding the totally different values of the 2 types of Christianity, Durkheim theorised that this occurred as a result of Protestant tradition positioned a better worth on individualism. This made Protestants much less more likely to develop shut communal ties which may maintain them throughout occasions of emotional misery, which in flip made them extra vulnerable to suicide.
In fact, even once we are at our lowest, as Muslims and believers we have now the present of getting our hearts fortified by tawakkul (reliance upon Allah), pondering good of His decree, in addition to observing taqwa (consciousness of Allah) by fearing His punishment and searching for His reward. These spiritual elements represent as robust deterrents by blocking the trail to suicide.
With the above ideas in thoughts, this Friday sermon goals to discover a bit of a verse shining this lofty high quality of sacrifice. On this verse, Allah praises these famous for altruistically:
“Preferring others over themselves although they’re in want of that.”
By creating this character high quality inside us, we will steer the Ummah (nation) and humanity again in the direction of their pure fitrah (pure disposition) through ethical revival. By understanding and creating this Qur’anic attribute, we will return again to our optimum potential, and transfer away from the darkness of selfishness and disconnection from society. This may then result in a discount in suicide charges and the opposite adverse repercussions which individualism begets. One of the best ways incorporates related elements from individualism, capitalism and collectivism, while on the identical time filtering out the acute points. Allah Almighty says:
“And people who, earlier than them, had properties (in Madinah) and had adopted the Religion, love those that to migrate to them, and don’t have any jealousy of their breasts (hearts) for that which they’ve been given (from the booty of Banu Nadir), and provides them (Emigrants) desire over themselves, although they had been in want of that. And whosoever is saved from his personal covetousness, such are they who would be the profitable.” [Qur’an, 59:9]
My nice folks! On this nice Qur’anic verse, Allah is highlighting the lofty virtues of the Ansar (Helpers) from Madinah in the course of the time of the Prophet (Peace be upon him). For the needs of this sermon we’ll examine the part of the verse:
“…give them (Emigrants) desire over themselves, although they had been in want of that.”
That is the standard of sacrifice to the uppermost diploma, a follow which isn’t straightforward to seek out in present occasions. What does this imply? It signifies that the one in ‘want’ of one thing – not ‘need’ however ‘want’ (i.e. you want this component to outlive, akin to meals, water and so forth) – offers others desire, as in addition they are in ‘want’ of such necessities. With a view to perceive this virtually, we’ll analyse the next incident, which subsequently led to the revelation of this verse’s section. Abu Hurairah narrated that:
“A person got here to the Prophet (Peace be upon him). The Prophet (Peace be upon him) despatched a messenger to his wives (to convey one thing for that man to eat), however they stated that that they had nothing besides water. Then Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) stated:
“Who will take this (particular person) or entertain him as a visitor?”
An Ansari man stated, ‘I.’ So he took him to his spouse and stated to her, ‘Entertain generously the visitor of Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him).’ She stated, ‘We have now acquired nothing besides the meals of my kids.’ He stated, ‘Put together your meal, mild your lamp, and let your kids sleep in the event that they ask for supper.’ So, she ready her meal, lighted her lamp, and made her kids sleep, after which stood up pretending to fix her lamp, however she put it off. Then each of them pretended to be consuming, however they actually went to mattress hungry. Within the morning, the Ansari went to Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him), who stated:
“Tonight Allah laughed or questioned at your motion.”
Then Allah revealed:
“However give them (Emigrants) desire over themselves although they had been in want of that. And whosoever is saved from his personal covetousness, such are they who would be the profitable.’” [Bukhari]
Revered servants of Allah! To start with, it is very important perceive the rules surrounding the standard of sacrifice by preferring the wants of others over that of ourselves and our members of the family. The final rule entails that our personal wants and that of our household must be prioritised over others. The students spotlight that if one has dependents akin to members of the family, they aren’t permitted to provide away all of their wealth in charity if that might imply their household’s wants are unmet. This may be the case until their very own members of the family, whom they’re obliged to spend on, approve of it. They need to even be affected person and happy willingly in executing this noble deed of sacrifice. If that is their state, then they’ve a golden alternative to succeed in lofty ranks with Allah. The good scholar Imam Shawkani stated:
“The Hadith of Kaʿab signifies that it’s prescribed for the one who desires to provide all his wealth in charity to maintain a few of it. That doesn’t indicate that if he wished to go forward with it, he wouldn’t have the ability to take action. It was stated that giving all of 1’s wealth in charity varies in keeping with one’s state of affairs. If an individual is powerful and is aware of that he’ll have the ability to bear the results with endurance, then there isn’t any motive why he mustn’t do this. Based mostly on that, we might interpret the motion of Abu Bakr al-Siddiq and the best way by which the Ansar most popular others to themselves, although they had been in want of that [Qur’an, 59:9]. But when an individual is just not like that, then he mustn’t do this. That is how the phrases ‘there isn’t any charity besides when one has the imply’s must be interpreted. In response to one other report, ‘The most effective of charity is that which is given when one has the means.’” [Nailul Awtar, vol. 8, page 288]
Additionally Imam al-Nawawi, one other nice classical scholar, commented concerning Kaʿab Bin Malik wanting to provide away all his wealth in charity by saying:
“The Prophet (Peace be upon him) ordered him to restrict himself to giving a portion thereof in charity, out of his concern for him being harmed by poverty and out of concern that he wouldn’t have endurance to bear a tough life. This doesn’t contradict the truth that Abu Bakr gave all his wealth in charity, as he was affected person and happy.” [Sharh of Muslim]
Transferring on to the chapter heading of this Hadith, Imam al-Bukhari titled it as:
“Chapter: ‘…(they) give them (Emigrants) desire over themselves…’”
This heading has been taken from the verse I discussed earlier on this sermon. This denotes the important thing sensible profit which this Hadith gives. Secondly, this Hadith displays the kind of way of life the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was residing in. The state of poverty he discovered himself in was as a result of exercising the aforementioned Qur’anic high quality of sacrifice. One other Hadith demonstrates the identical theme, the place he (Peace be upon him) stated to Abu Zar:
“…I might not prefer to have gold equal to this mountain of Uhud, until nothing of it, not even a single dinar of it stays with me for greater than three days, besides one thing which I’ll hold for repaying money owed. I might have spent all of it (distributed it) amongst Allah’s servants like this, and like this, and like this.”
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) identified together with his hand in the direction of his proper, his left and his again (whereas illustrating it). He proceeded together with his stroll and stated:
“The wealthy are in actual fact the poor (little rewarded) on the Day of Resurrection besides those that spend their wealth like this, and like this, and like this, to their proper, left and again, however such individuals are few in quantity…” [Bukhari]
This Hadith signifies that when the Prophet (Peace be upon him) can be given wealth, he had the mindset of hastening to provide all of it away to the needy, until he had money owed. He was the perfect in exemplifying all noble character traits, for as Allah Almighty says:
“Certainly within the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad Peace be upon him) you’ve gotten a very good instance to observe for him who hopes in (the Assembly with) Allah and the Final Day and remembers Allah a lot.” [Qur’an, 33:21]
Returning again to the primary Hadith of this sermon concerning the Ansari man, we will see that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and his spouse Aisha:
“…had nothing besides water.”
If that they had even one date to provide to the needy, they might accomplish that. The next Hadith narrated by Aisha signifies this:
“A girl alongside along with her two daughters got here to me asking (for some alms), however she discovered nothing with me besides one date. I gave it to her and he or she divided it between her two daughters, and didn’t eat something herself, after which she acquired up and went away. Then the Prophet (Peace be upon him) got here in and I knowledgeable him about this story. He stated:
“Whoever is put to trial by these daughters and he treats them generously (with benevolence), then these daughters will act as a protect for him from hellfire.’” [Bukhari]
Despite the fact that they wanted meals for their very own survival, they nonetheless most popular the girl to themselves. Aisha willingly gave the one meals her home had, particularly a date, while the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was absent. The girl she gave the date to was a mom of two daughters. This mom additionally exhibited the Qur’anic trait by satisfying the starvation of her personal two daughters while remaining hungry herself.
Persevering with on with the primary Hadith of the Ansari man, we be aware that that they had sufficient meals for his spouse’s kids. Nevertheless, they didn’t apologise to their visitor and inform them that they might not host him. The spouse additionally didn’t disobey her husband when he prioritised his visitor over her kids. Relatively, she obeyed him on this noble alternative, which brought about each of them to accumulate nice honour within the sight of Allah Almighty. Take a look at how particular their honour was. They had been honoured to such an extent that Allah laughed or questioned (in a fashion that fits his Majesty), at their motion. He then even revealed a bit of the verse praising this manifestation of noble and altruistic behaviour. At present, this verse has been recited by billions of individuals over time, ranging from greater than 1400 years in the past. And it’ll proceed to be recited for generations to come back. What an impressive honour that is! One can solely surprise how a lot Sadaqah Jariyah (ongoing charity) they’ve obtained by means of their act of generosity. This can be a nice reward given for such a excessive stage of sacrifice.
These are people who’ve shone brightly this lofty honourable attribute:
“Preferring others over themselves although they’re in want of that.”
• How Abu Hurairah Overcame His Nafs With a Glass of Milk
Expensive brothers and sisters! On this sermon, our eyes had been opened as much as how probabilities of suicide are elevated if the folks change into extra individualistic. This has been highlighted by the well-known Sociologist Emile Durkheim in his findings. Along with this, we had been launched to the highly effective Qur’anic ethical worth that helps to push us human beings away from individualism by changing into extra socially built-in, thus lower the probabilities of suicide.
• Abu Hurairah’s Tarbiyah
One other superb story exemplifying this noble attribute of “preferring others over themselves although they had been in want of that” is the case of Abu Bakr. He’s the perfect particular person after the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and his closest Companion. Umar Ibn al-Khattab reported that:
“The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) ordered us to provide charity, and on the time I had some wealth. I stated to myself, ‘At present I’ll outdo Abu Bakr, if ever there have been a day to outdo him.’ I went with half of my wealth to the Prophet and he stated, ‘What have you ever left for your loved ones?’ I stated, ‘The identical quantity.’ Then, Abu Bakr got here with every thing he had. The Prophet stated, ‘O Abu Bakr, what have you ever left for your loved ones?’ Abu Bakr stated, ‘Allah and his Messenger.’ I stated, ‘By Allah, I’ll by no means do higher than Abu Bakr.’” [Tirmidhi]
Abu Bakr gave every thing he had, whereas having tawakkul (reliance upon Allah) that his household can be sorted. Despite the fact that he immensely cherished his members of the family and wished the perfect for them, he acknowledged the larger image and societal context of the Muslim neighborhood. He thus sought to fulfil an important want to make sure the well-being and safety of the Muslims. Abu Bakr geared toward reaching very excessive and lofty aims. He personally developed himself to the state the place he could possibly be affected person and content material with gifting away all his wealth in such a fashion. Umar was competing with Abu Bakr on this good deed, and thought he may outdo him by gifting away half of his wealth, which is with none doubt a big quantity. Nevertheless, as soon as he noticed how Abu Bakr astonishingly gave away every thing, he stated:
“By Allah, I’ll by no means do higher than Abu Bakr.”
This exhibits how Abu Bakr’s sacrifice was on one other stage.
• The Means of creating this Qur’anic Attribute
Revered brothers and sisters! To get an perception into the method of creating this lofty and noble trait, we’ll have a look at the instance of how our Prophet (Peace be upon him) nurtured Abu Hurairah. The latter narrated:
“By Allah besides Whom none has the best to be worshipped, (generally) I used to put (asleep) on the bottom on my liver (stomach) due to starvation, and (generally) I used to bind a stone over my stomach due to starvation. Sooner or later I sat by the best way from the place they (the Prophet and his Companions) used to come back out. When Abu Bakr handed by, I requested him a couple of Verse from Allah’s Guide and I requested him solely in order that he may fulfill my starvation, however he handed by and didn’t accomplish that. Then Umar handed by me and I requested him a couple of Verse from Allah’s Guide, and I requested him solely that he may fulfill my starvation, however he handed by with out doing so. Lastly Abul Qasim (the Prophet) handed by me and he smiled when he noticed me, for he knew what was in my coronary heart and on my face. He stated, ‘O Aba Hirr (Abu Hurairah)!’ I replied, ‘Labbaik, O Allah’s Messenger!’ He stated to me, ‘Observe me.’ He left and I adopted him. Then he entered the home and I requested permission to enter and was admitted. He discovered milk in a bowl and stated, ‘From the place is that this milk?’ They stated, ‘It has been offered to you by such-and-such man (or by such and such lady).’ He stated, ‘O Aba Hirr!’ I stated, ‘Labbaik, O Allah’s Messenger!’ He stated, ‘Go and name the folks of Suffah to me.’ These folks of Suffah had been the company of Islam who had no households, no cash, or anyone to depend upon. Each time an object of charity was delivered to the Prophet (Peace be upon him), he would ship it to them and wouldn’t take something from it, and every time any current was given to him, he used to ship some for them and take a few of it for himself. The order of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) upset me, and I stated to myself, ‘How will this little milk be sufficient for the folks of Suffah, although I’m extra entitled to drink from that milk with a purpose to strengthen myself?’ However behold, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) got here and ordered me to provide that milk to them. I questioned what’s going to stay of that milk for me, however I couldn’t however obey Allah and His Messenger (Peace be upon him). So I went to the folks of Suffah and known as them, they usually got here and requested the Prophet’s permission to enter. They had been admitted and took their seats in the home. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) stated, ‘O Aba Hirr!’ I stated, ‘Labbaik, O Allah’s Messenger!’ He stated, ‘Take it and provides it to them.’ So I took the bowl (of milk) and began giving it to 1 man who would drink his fill and return it to me, whereupon I might give it to a different man who, in his flip, would drink his fill and return it to me, and I might then provide it to a different man who would drink his fill and return it to me. Lastly, after the entire group had drunk their fill, I reached the Prophet (Peace be upon him), who took the bowl and put it on his hand, checked out me and smiled, and stated: ‘O Aba Hirr!’ I replied, ‘Labbaik, O Allah’s Messenger!’ He stated, ‘There solely stays you and I.’ I stated, ‘You have got stated the reality, O Allah’s Messenger!’ He stated, ‘Sit down and drink.’ I sat down and drank. He stated, ‘Drink,’ and I drank. He stored on telling me repeatedly to drink, until I stated, ‘No. by Allah Who despatched you with the Reality, I’ve no area for it (in my abdomen).’ He stated, ‘Hand it over to me.’ Once I gave him the bowl, he praised Allah, pronounced Allah’s Title on it, and drank the remaining milk.”
From this incident, we observe how Abu Hurairah was extraordinarily hungry and ‘wanted’ to fulfill it. There was solely a small quantity of milk within the vessel, but the Prophet (Peace be upon him) commanded him to convey the folks of Suffah as properly. They had been additionally very poor members of the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet), and would dwell in a bit of the Prophet’s mosque. Abu Hurairah, in dire want of the milk, admitted he felt upset when the Prophet (Peace be upon him) commanded him to convey the poor folks of Suffah. Regardless of this pure response, he nonetheless obeyed Allah’s Messenger. You will need to bear in mind right here that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) wished the perfect for Abu Hurairah. By commanding Abu Hurairah to provide desire to the wants of the folks of Suffah, he (Peace be upon him) was nurturing Abu Hurairah in the direction of the Qur’anic mannequin of:
“Preferring others over themselves although they had been in want of that.”
Abu Hurairah patiently overcame his nafs (soul) to make sure the folks of Suffah had the chance to drink from the bowl of milk earlier than him. This occasion was a miracle of mercy from Allah, for there was sufficient milk within the bowl for the folks of Suffah, together with each Abu Hurairah and the Prophet (Peace be upon him).
That is how he handled Abu Hurairah. With different members of the Sahabah, he suggested and nurtured them in keeping with what was finest for them. Such is the trait of a real chief. One instance of that is the recommendation he gave to Kaʿab Bin Malik. Kaʿab Bin Malik had repented for failing to hitch the Prophet (Peace be upon him) within the Tabuk expedition. He stated:
“O Messenger of Allah, due to the acceptance of my repentance I’ll surrender all my wealth by the use of charity for the sake of Allah and His Messenger (Peace be upon him).”
The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) stated:
“Hold a few of your wealth, as will probably be higher for you.” I stated, “Then I’ll hold my share from Khaibar with me.” [Muslim]
Expensive brothers and sisters! We will observe right here how Kaʿab wished to provide away all his wealth, however the Prophet (Peace be upon him) suggested him to maintain a few of it, as that might be higher for him. He didn’t give this recommendation to Abu Bakr when he gave away all his wealth for the sake of Allah, as already defined within the narration talked about earlier.
We additionally acknowledge the tarbiyah (nurturing) that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) supplied to his spouse Aisha, which thereby helped her to develop the Qur’anic character high quality of:
“Preferring others over themselves although they had been in want of that.”
This may be seen in an earlier Hadith the place Aisha gave a date to the girl.
We will be aware from that Hadith how Aisha didn’t have any meals to provide to the girl and her daughters, apart from only a single date. On no account would have one date constituted as an enough meal for the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and his spouse Aisha. But, they sacrificed their very own wants, preferring the girl and her household’s requirements as an alternative. Think about we solely had a single date or biscuit left inside our properties, and somebody got here to our door, begging for meals. How would we react? Allow us to rigorously gauge our stage of growth, this key dimension of Qur’anic character is, inside us. With this consciousness, we will work in the direction of nurturing it additional to the loftiest of ranges following the Prophet and the Sahabah.
I pray, might Allah Almighty allow us to diligently obtain our objectives and grant us success in each worlds, ameen.
All praises and thanks are as a result of Allah alone, Lord of the worlds. Might the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his household, his Companions and his true and honest followers.
Murtadha Muhammad Gusau is the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and the late Alhaji Abdur-Rahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He might be reached through: email@example.com or +2348038289761.
This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday sermon) was ready for supply at present, Friday, Jumadah Ula nineteenth, 1443 A.H. (December 24, 2021).
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