Sacrifising the self, even when in want, By Murtadha Gusau

Sacrifising the self, even when in need, By Murtadha Gusau

Within the Identify of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

All reward is because of Allah the Lord of all creation. Could Allah grant His reward, manifest his advantage and elevate the standing of the noblest of the Prophets and the Seal of the Messengers, our beloved Prophet Muhammad and shield him, the message of Islam, his household and all his companions from any hurt on this life or the following. As for what follows:

Pricey brothers and sisters! After we go searching our globalised world immediately, we observe a lot dialogue on numerous ideologies and ideas of life being championed and criticised. Regardless of the advantages which a few of these ideologies could present, there are features inside them which drive people to go towards their innate nature. This finally produces long run harms, which embrace the destruction of households, societies and nations. Such ideologies embrace individualism and capitalism. Upon analysing the previous, we discover a research which reveals that the U.S., Australia, U.Okay., Netherlands and New Zealand are essentially the most individualistic international locations. With that in thoughts, we realise that though there are features of individualism which could be useful, this mind-set normally steers us in the direction of selfishness, greed, and the ‘me, myself, I, and my household’ mentality which is obvious in such international locations. This has result in ethical decline, brief sightedness and the devaluation of household values. All of those elements result in loneliness, the break up of household properties, despair and finally suicide. To grasp this additional, the causes and results in affiliation with this phenomenon have been highlighted by the sociologist, Emile Durkheim, who’s extensively considered the founding father of the French faculty of sociology. He concluded in his textual content, Suicide: a Research in Sociology: “…the extra socially built-in and related an individual is, the much less seemingly she or he is to commit suicide. As social integration decreases, persons are extra more likely to commit suicide.”

This displays the truth that the extra individualistic an individual is, the extra seemingly he’s to really feel suicidal, entertain suicidal ideas, or really commit suicide. As a matter of reality: Durkheim discovered, via a research of suicide charges of Protestants and Catholics in nineteenth-century Europe, that the suicide charge was increased amongst Protestants. Understanding the completely different values of the 2 types of Christianity, Durkheim theorised that this occurred as a result of Protestant tradition positioned a better worth on individualism. This made Protestants much less more likely to develop shut communal ties that may maintain them throughout occasions of emotional misery, which in flip made them extra vulnerable to suicide.

In fact, even once we are at our lowest, as Muslims and believers we’ve the present of getting our hearts fortified by tawakkul (reliance upon Allah), considering good of His decree, in addition to observing taqwa (consciousness of Allah) by fearing His punishment and in search of His reward. These non secular elements represent as sturdy deterrents by blocking the trail to suicide.

With the above ideas in thoughts, this Friday sermon goals to discover a bit of a verse shining this lofty high quality of sacrifice. On this verse, Allah praises these famous for altruistically:

“Preferring others over themselves although they’re in want of that.”

By growing this character high quality inside us, we will steer the Ummah (nation) and humanity again in the direction of their pure fitrah (pure disposition) through ethical revival. By understanding and growing this Qur’anic attribute, we will return again to our optimum potential, and transfer away from the darkness of selfishness and disconnection from society. This could then result in a discount in suicide charges and the opposite damaging repercussions which individualism begets. One of the best ways incorporates related parts from individualism, capitalism and collectivism, while on the similar time filtering out the acute features. Allah Almighty says:

“And people who, earlier than them, had properties (in Madinah) and had adopted the Religion, love those that to migrate to them, and haven’t any jealousy of their breasts (hearts) for that which they’ve been given (from the booty of Banu Nadir), and provides them (Emigrants) desire over themselves, although they had been in want of that. And whosoever is saved from his personal covetousness, such are they who would be the profitable.” [Qur’an, 59:9]

My nice individuals! On this nice Qur’anic verse, Allah is highlighting the lofty virtues of the Ansar (Helpers) from Madinah throughout the time of the Prophet (Peace be upon him). For the needs of this sermon we are going to examine the part of the verse:

“…give them (Emigrants) desire over themselves, although they had been in want of that.”

That is the standard of sacrifice to the uppermost diploma, a observe which isn’t simple to search out in present occasions. What does this imply? It signifies that the one in ‘want’ of one thing – not ‘need’ however ‘want’ (i.e. you want this component to outlive, similar to meals, water and so forth) – provides others desire, as in addition they are in ‘want’ of such necessities. With a view to perceive this virtually, we are going to analyse the next incident, which subsequently led to the revelation of this verse’s section. Abu Hurairah narrated that:

“A person got here to the Prophet (Peace be upon him). The Prophet (Peace be upon him) despatched a messenger to his wives (to carry one thing for that man to eat), however they stated that that they had nothing besides water. Then Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) stated:

“Who will take this (individual) or entertain him as a visitor?”

An Ansari man stated, ‘I.’ So he took him to his spouse and stated to her, ‘Entertain generously the visitor of Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him).’ She stated, ‘We now have bought nothing besides the meals of my youngsters.’ He stated, ‘Put together your meal, mild your lamp, and let your youngsters sleep in the event that they ask for supper.’ So, she ready her meal, lighted her lamp, and made her youngsters sleep, after which stood up pretending to fix her lamp, however she put it off. Then each of them pretended to be consuming, however they actually went to mattress hungry. Within the morning, the Ansari went to Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him), who stated:

“Tonight Allah laughed or questioned at your motion.”

Then Allah revealed:

“However give them (Emigrants) desire over themselves although they had been in want of that. And whosoever is saved from his personal covetousness, such are they who would be the profitable.’” [Bukhari]

Revered servants of Allah! Initially, you will need to perceive the ideas surrounding the standard of sacrifice by preferring the wants of others over that of ourselves and our relations. The overall rule entails that our personal wants and that of our household must be prioritised over others. The students spotlight that if one has dependents similar to relations, they aren’t permitted to provide away all of their wealth in charity if that will imply their household’s wants are unmet. This is able to be the case except their very own relations, whom they’re obliged to spend on, approve of it. They need to even be affected person and glad willingly in executing this noble deed of sacrifice. If that is their state, then they’ve a golden alternative to achieve lofty ranks with Allah. The good scholar Imam Shawkani stated:

“The Hadith of Kaʿab signifies that it’s prescribed for the one who needs to provide all his wealth in charity to maintain a few of it. That doesn’t suggest that if he needed to go forward with it, he wouldn’t have the ability to take action. It was stated that giving all of 1’s wealth in charity varies based on one’s state of affairs. If an individual is robust and is aware of that he’ll have the ability to bear the results with persistence, then there is no such thing as a cause why he shouldn’t do this. Primarily based on that, we could interpret the motion of Abu Bakr al-Siddiq and the best way during which the Ansar most popular others to themselves, although they had been in want of that [Qur’an, 59:9]. But when an individual will not be like that, then he shouldn’t do this. That is how the phrases ‘there is no such thing as a charity besides when one has the imply’s must be interpreted. In response to one other report, ‘One of the best of charity is that which is given when one has the means.’” [Nailul Awtar, vol. 8, page 288]

Additionally Imam al-Nawawi, one other nice classical scholar, commented relating to Kaʿab Bin Malik wanting to provide away all his wealth in charity by saying:

“The Prophet (Peace be upon him) ordered him to restrict himself to giving a portion thereof in charity, out of his concern for him being harmed by poverty and out of concern that he wouldn’t have persistence to bear a tough life. This doesn’t contradict the truth that Abu Bakr gave all his wealth in charity, as he was affected person and glad.” [Sharh of Muslim]

Transferring on to the chapter heading of this Hadith, Imam al-Bukhari titled it as:


“Chapter: ‘…(they) give them (Emigrants) desire over themselves…’”

This heading has been taken from the verse I discussed earlier on this sermon. This denotes the important thing sensible profit which this Hadith offers. Secondly, this Hadith displays the kind of life-style the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was dwelling in. The state of poverty he discovered himself in was as a consequence of exercising the aforementioned Qur’anic high quality of sacrifice. One other Hadith demonstrates the identical theme, the place he (Peace be upon him) stated to Abu Zar:

“…I’d not prefer to have gold equal to this mountain of Uhud, except nothing of it, not even a single dinar of it stays with me for greater than three days, besides one thing which I’ll maintain for repaying money owed. I’d have spent all of it (distributed it) amongst Allah’s servants like this, and like this, and like this.”

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) identified together with his hand in the direction of his proper, his left and his again (whereas illustrating it). He proceeded together with his stroll and stated:

“The wealthy are in reality the poor (little rewarded) on the Day of Resurrection besides those that spend their wealth like this, and like this, and like this, to their proper, left and again, however such persons are few in quantity…” [Bukhari]

This Hadith signifies that when the Prophet (Peace be upon him) could be given wealth, he had the mindset of hastening to provide all of it away to the needy, except he had money owed. He was the most effective in exemplifying all noble character traits, for as Allah Almighty says:

“Certainly within the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad Peace be upon him) you’ve instance to comply with for him who hopes in (the Assembly with) Allah and the Final Day and remembers Allah a lot.” [Qur’an, 33:21]

Returning again to the primary Hadith of this sermon relating to the Ansari man, we will see that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and his spouse Aisha:

“…had nothing besides water.”

If that they had even one date to provide to the needy, they might accomplish that. The next Hadith narrated by Aisha signifies this:

“A lady alongside together with her two daughters got here to me asking (for some alms), however she discovered nothing with me besides one date. I gave it to her and she or he divided it between her two daughters, and didn’t eat something herself, after which she bought up and went away. Then the Prophet (Peace be upon him) got here in and I knowledgeable him about this story. He stated:

“Whoever is put to trial by these daughters and he treats them generously (with benevolence), then these daughters will act as a protect for him from hellfire.’” [Bukhari]

Regardless that they wanted meals for their very own survival, they nonetheless most popular the girl to themselves. Aisha willingly gave the one meals her home had, specifically a date, while the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was absent. The lady she gave the date to was a mom of two daughters. This mom additionally exhibited the Qur’anic trait by satisfying the starvation of her personal two daughters while remaining hungry herself.

Persevering with on with the primary Hadith of the Ansari man, we word that that they had sufficient meals for his spouse’s youngsters. Nonetheless, they didn’t apologise to their visitor and inform them that they might not host him. The spouse additionally didn’t disobey her husband when he prioritised his visitor over her youngsters. Reasonably, she obeyed him on this noble alternative, which precipitated each of them to accumulate nice honour within the sight of Allah Almighty. Have a look at how particular their honour was. They had been honoured to such an extent that Allah laughed or questioned (in a way that fits his Majesty), at their motion. He then even revealed a bit of the verse praising this manifestation of noble and altruistic behaviour. Immediately, this verse has been recited by billions of individuals over time, ranging from greater than 1400 years in the past. And it’ll proceed to be recited for generations to come back. What a powerful honour that is! One can solely surprise how a lot Sadaqah Jariyah (ongoing charity) they’ve obtained via their act of generosity. It is a nice reward given for such a excessive stage of sacrifice.

These are people who’ve shone brightly this lofty honourable attribute:

“Preferring others over themselves although they’re in want of that.”

• How Abu Hurairah Overcame His Nafs With a Glass of Milk

Pricey brothers and sisters! On this sermon, our eyes had been opened as much as how possibilities of suicide are elevated if the individuals change into extra individualistic. This has been highlighted by the well-known Sociologist Emile Durkheim in his findings. At the side of this, we had been launched to the highly effective Qur’anic ethical worth that helps to push us human beings away from individualism by changing into extra socially built-in, thus lower the possibilities of suicide.

• Abu Hurairah’s Tarbiyah

One other wonderful story exemplifying this noble attribute of “preferring others over themselves although they had been in want of that” is the case of Abu Bakr. He’s the most effective individual after the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and his closest Companion. Umar Ibn al-Khattab reported that:

“The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) ordered us to provide charity, and on the time I had some wealth. I stated to myself, ‘Immediately I’ll outdo Abu Bakr, if ever there have been a day to outdo him.’ I went with half of my wealth to the Prophet and he stated, ‘What have you ever left for your loved ones?’ I stated, ‘The identical quantity.’ Then, Abu Bakr got here with every part he had. The Prophet stated, ‘O Abu Bakr, what have you ever left for your loved ones?’ Abu Bakr stated, ‘Allah and his Messenger.’ I stated, ‘By Allah, I’ll by no means do higher than Abu Bakr.’” [Tirmidhi]

Abu Bakr gave every part he had, whereas having tawakkul (reliance upon Allah) that his household could be sorted. Regardless that he immensely cherished his relations and needed the most effective for them, he acknowledged the larger image and societal context of the Muslim neighborhood. He thus sought to fulfil a terrific want to make sure the well-being and safety of the Muslims. Abu Bakr aimed toward reaching very excessive and lofty targets. He personally developed himself to the state the place he may very well be affected person and content material with gifting away all his wealth in such a way. Umar was competing with Abu Bakr on this good deed, and thought he may outdo him by gifting away half of his wealth, which is with none doubt a big quantity. Nonetheless, as soon as he noticed how Abu Bakr astonishingly gave away every part, he stated:

“By Allah, I’ll by no means do higher than Abu Bakr.”

This reveals how Abu Bakr’s sacrifice was on one other stage.

• The Technique of growing this Qur’anic Attribute

Revered brothers and sisters! To get an perception into the method of growing this lofty and noble trait, we are going to take a look at the instance of how our Prophet (Peace be upon him) nurtured Abu Hurairah. The latter narrated:

“By Allah besides Whom none has the appropriate to be worshipped, (generally) I used to put (asleep) on the bottom on my liver (stomach) due to starvation, and (generally) I used to bind a stone over my stomach due to starvation. Someday I sat by the best way from the place they (the Prophet and his Companions) used to come back out. When Abu Bakr handed by, I requested him a couple of Verse from Allah’s E-book and I requested him solely in order that he may fulfill my starvation, however he handed by and didn’t accomplish that. Then Umar handed by me and I requested him a couple of Verse from Allah’s E-book, and I requested him solely that he may fulfill my starvation, however he handed by with out doing so. Lastly Abul Qasim (the Prophet) handed by me and he smiled when he noticed me, for he knew what was in my coronary heart and on my face. He stated, ‘O Aba Hirr (Abu Hurairah)!’ I replied, ‘Labbaik, O Allah’s Messenger!’ He stated to me, ‘Comply with me.’ He left and I adopted him. Then he entered the home and I requested permission to enter and was admitted. He discovered milk in a bowl and stated, ‘From the place is that this milk?’ They stated, ‘It has been introduced to you by such-and-such man (or by such and such girl).’ He stated, ‘O Aba Hirr!’ I stated, ‘Labbaik, O Allah’s Messenger!’ He stated, ‘Go and name the individuals of Suffah to me.’ These individuals of Suffah had been the company of Islam who had no households, no cash, or anyone to rely upon. Every time an object of charity was delivered to the Prophet (Peace be upon him), he would ship it to them and wouldn’t take something from it, and each time any current was given to him, he used to ship some for them and take a few of it for himself. The order of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) upset me, and I stated to myself, ‘How will this little milk be sufficient for the individuals of Suffah, although I’m extra entitled to drink from that milk to be able to strengthen myself?’ However behold, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) got here and ordered me to provide that milk to them. I questioned what’s going to stay of that milk for me, however I couldn’t however obey Allah and His Messenger (Peace be upon him). So I went to the individuals of Suffah and known as them, they usually got here and requested the Prophet’s permission to enter. They had been admitted and took their seats in the home. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) stated, ‘O Aba Hirr!’ I stated, ‘Labbaik, O Allah’s Messenger!’ He stated, ‘Take it and provides it to them.’ So I took the bowl (of milk) and began giving it to 1 man who would drink his fill and return it to me, whereupon I’d give it to a different man who, in his flip, would drink his fill and return it to me, and I’d then provide it to a different man who would drink his fill and return it to me. Lastly, after the entire group had drunk their fill, I reached the Prophet (Peace be upon him), who took the bowl and put it on his hand, checked out me and smiled, and stated: ‘O Aba Hirr!’ I replied, ‘Labbaik, O Allah’s Messenger!’ He stated, ‘There solely stays you and I.’ I stated, ‘You’ve got stated the reality, O Allah’s Messenger!’ He stated, ‘Sit down and drink.’ I sat down and drank. He stated, ‘Drink,’ and I drank. He saved on telling me repeatedly to drink, until I stated, ‘No. by Allah Who despatched you with the Fact, I’ve no area for it (in my abdomen).’ He stated, ‘Hand it over to me.’ After I gave him the bowl, he praised Allah, pronounced Allah’s Identify on it, and drank the remaining milk.”

From this incident, we observe how Abu Hurairah was extraordinarily hungry and ‘wanted’ to fulfill it. There was solely a small quantity of milk within the vessel, but the Prophet (Peace be upon him) commanded him to carry the individuals of Suffah as properly. They had been additionally very poor members of the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet), and would stay in a bit of the Prophet’s mosque. Abu Hurairah, in dire want of the milk, admitted he felt upset when the Prophet (Peace be upon him) commanded him to carry the poor individuals of Suffah. Regardless of this pure response, he nonetheless obeyed Allah’s Messenger. It is very important bear in mind right here that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) needed the most effective for Abu Hurairah. By commanding Abu Hurairah to provide desire to the wants of the individuals of Suffah, he (Peace be upon him) was nurturing Abu Hurairah in the direction of the Qur’anic mannequin of:

“Preferring others over themselves although they had been in want of that.”

Abu Hurairah patiently overcame his nafs (soul) to make sure the individuals of Suffah had the chance to drink from the bowl of milk earlier than him. This occasion was a miracle of mercy from Allah, for there was sufficient milk within the bowl for the individuals of Suffah, together with each Abu Hurairah and the Prophet (Peace be upon him).

That is how he handled Abu Hurairah. With different members of the Sahabah, he suggested and nurtured them based on what was greatest for them. Such is the trait of a real chief. One instance of that is the recommendation he gave to Kaʿab Bin Malik. Kaʿab Bin Malik had repented for failing to hitch the Prophet (Peace be upon him) within the Tabuk expedition. He stated:

“O Messenger of Allah, due to the acceptance of my repentance I’ll hand over all my wealth by the use of charity for the sake of Allah and His Messenger (Peace be upon him).”

The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) stated:

“Maintain a few of your wealth, as it will likely be higher for you.” I stated, “Then I’ll maintain my share from Khaibar with me.” [Muslim]

Pricey brothers and sisters! We are able to observe right here how Kaʿab needed to provide away all his wealth, however the Prophet (Peace be upon him) suggested him to maintain a few of it, as that will be higher for him. He didn’t give this recommendation to Abu Bakr when he gave away all his wealth for the sake of Allah, as already defined within the narration talked about earlier.

We additionally acknowledge the tarbiyah (nurturing) that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) offered to his spouse Aisha, which thereby helped her to develop the Qur’anic character high quality of:

“Preferring others over themselves although they had been in want of that.”

This may be seen in an earlier Hadith the place Aisha gave a date to the girl.

We are able to word from that Hadith how Aisha didn’t have any meals to provide to the girl and her daughters, aside from only a single date. Certainly not would have one date constituted as an sufficient meal for the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and his spouse Aisha. But, they sacrificed their very own wants, preferring the girl and her household’s requirements as a substitute. Think about we solely had a single date or biscuit left inside our properties, and somebody got here to our door, begging for meals. How would we react? Allow us to rigorously gauge our stage of improvement, this key dimension of Qur’anic character is, inside us. With this consciousness, we will work in the direction of nurturing it additional to the loftiest of ranges following the Prophet and the Sahabah.

I pray, could Allah Almighty allow us to diligently obtain our targets and grant us success in each worlds, ameen.

All praises and thanks are as a consequence of Allah alone, Lord of the worlds. Could the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his household, his Companions and his true and honest followers.

Murtadha Muhammad Gusau is the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and the late Alhaji Abdur-Rahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He could be reached through: or +2348038289761.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday sermon) was ready for supply immediately, Friday, Jumadah Ula nineteenth, 1443 A.H. (December 24, 2021).

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